Crime-free India: Proactive Policing, automated system, people’s participation and future challenges
Bhopal: Madhya Pradesh Special Director General of Police (Police Reforms) Maithilisharan Gupta is pursuing with full dedication and commitment the goal of translating his vision of “Crime Free Bharat” into ground reality through an Automated Investigation Support System.
To carry forward his message, Gupta is presently engaged in organizing live online interactive sessions with dignitaries from different fields, including the general persons of the society. Through a specially created YouTube channel – Crime Free India – the guests and viewers go live and this has become a popular platform in a very short time. The program is broadcast live every Monday from 5:30 pm to 7:30 pm.
Spearheading a brianstorming webinar on the topic “Crime Free Bharat analysis of peer review of proactive Police and visualising future challenges”, under the banner of National Police Mission this past Monday, 27 July (season three of Crime Free India), Gupta set the tone by underscopring there is a provision for scientific and technical assistance in the investigation and detection of criminals under Central List Entry 65C of the 7th Schedule of the Indian Constitution. He emphasised the need for creating a strong and neutral structure to handle the prime responsibility and said a strong foundation of crime-free India can be laid through automated investigation support system using innovative technologies.
Explaining the concept of the Automated Investigation Support System, Gupta said that the goal is to de-burden and de-stress the Police as by using the Automated Investigation Support System. The smart investigation system would help IO to simultaneously work on various probabilities and also assist in requisitioning of evidences from various organisations and other subsystem (though digital requisitioning and monitoring) under section 91 Cr. P. C. It would help in creating a certificate of admissibility u/s 65 B of Evidence Act. System would ensure integrity of evidence with encryption and protection with value thus precluding any chance of manipulation.
It would identify hot spots, crime zones with time and seasonal analysis. It would also identify criminal clusters and map them with hot spots and crime zones. Whenever any crime is committed, the investigation officer would get photographs of criminals from the historic database of CCTNS and suspects who are most likely to be involved on their Investigation App to help him to show it victims and other persons in vicinity to identify the criminals and suspects of the crime.
In addition IO would also have a facility for creating computerised portraits using their Investigation App with help of victims and other witnesses available there. IO would get the automated help for requisitioning evidence under section 91 Cr. P. C. from Telecom Service Providers, CCTV Systems, Banks & Financial Institutions, details about their travel by rail, air or road. These evidence would be admissible in court of law under section 8 and 9 of Evidence Act. System will help to prosecute non-compliance and such evidence would then be obtained through Search and Seizure u/s 93 and 94 Cr.P.C.
System would generate specific investigation leads for IO and would capture the details of their investigation to preserve the evidence, generate certificates of admissibility, integrity and chain of custody. Investigation lead would be accompanied with a compliance and performance module.
It would transform the ground situation and IO would be having all kinds of support including real time help from Experts to do quality jobs through Smart Investigation Assistance.
Gupta further said that the automated system will also ensure a powerful, efficient and public friendly Policing System on ground. The Investigation Support System has been conceived as a very powerful set up to provide support to Investigator but it also captures digital and non digital infallible evidence wherever they may be available (sitting) by helping the investigation officers using their power u/s 91 Cr.P.C. (By digitally creating requisition letters duly signed by IO with an effective monitoring mechanism. It will also help in capturing, analysing and preserving evidence and the same would be made available to IO with proof of relevancy, integrity, admissibility and chain of custody to be submitted before court of law. Non compliance of 91 Cr.P.C. would be dealt strictly as per the provision of law and police would further be facilitated with these evidence through Search and Seizure under section 93 & 94 of Cr.P.C.
It would also provide powerful investigative leads to follow and work on by analyzing macro data of hot spots, crime zones and criminal clusters.
It would also assist in identifying gaps in infrastructure for capturing evidence and the same would be filled by active support and participation by the communities and all other stakeholders. The owners of these resources would get a monetary stream for using their input.
The System provides powerful assistance in smart investigation by the investigation officer and helps him in collection of evidence through a powerful Smart Investigation App. The System will help in preparing a draft challan with full details of evidence and who will prove them in a court of law. Predictive Analytics also would be used to anticipate moves of criminals proactively and prevent them by dynamically and proactively pre-positioning the police and other community volunteers.
The System will lead to integration of Stakeholders identified, including Senior Citizens, Women, Children and other weaker section of society, Youth and students, Media, Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, Small businessmen, Restaurant, Tea stalls, Pan Bhandhars/ Pan Stalls and other kiosks, vegetable shops and motivate the citizens to as volunteers, observers or stakeholders and incentivise them by fulfilling their needs, and bringing recognition and monetary rewards.
The population with criminal records or other persons who are having propensity to commit crimes would be identified. Well qualified and properly trained volunteers would interact with them to identify their skill sets and other capabilities. Their interest and inclinations would also be captured to work out sustainable rehabilitation strategies for them, Gupta said and went on to highlight that the system would also create Revenue Streams for the Community as a whole, besides volunteers, and Stakeholders
Taslima Khan, Second in Command, CRPF, Madhya Pradesh, who attended the program, said on the occasion of 82nd Foundation Day of CRPF that coordination of public and police is very important in creating a crime-free India. Gupta responded by stating that the police is overburdened with many responsibilities and if the CRPF prepares itself well then it can do a better job than the police.
Participating in the discussion, Lalit Shastri, Editor-in-Chief, Newsroom24x7, shared his firm view that the police should be a professional force and not a subordinate force.
S. Nitin, educationist, Genesis Solutions, had a piece of advice. He suggested that the basic procedure involved in lodging FIRs should be incorporated in the college curriculum to raise awareness in society.
Hariom Awasthi, Constitution Law Expert and Assistant Professor, Prestige Institute of Management Gwalior said that the level of trust between public and police is very poor and a lot of work is required in this area. Spl DGP, Gupta responded by stating that this technology is integrating not only the authority but also the common citizens of the country and will bring revolutionary changes when it comes to controlling crime.
Dr. Prem Kumar Aggarwal, Head of Department Hooghly Mohsin College, questioned the working of public prosecutors and said that they should uphold the public interest and work under the scope of law.
The Season three episode of Crime Free India that went live on Youtube on 27 July 2020 was conducted by Piyush Dwivedi Advocate on record. He is an LLM in Business Law from National Law Institute University, Bhopal.