Tag Archives: UNESCO

World Heritage Site: India has 42 sites listed under Tentative List

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New Delhi: At present, India has 42 sites listed under Tentative List which is a pre-requisite condition for inscription as World Heritage Site. ‘Dholavira: A Harappan City’ has been submitted for nomination of World Heritage Site in 2019-2020. Nomination dossiers of ‘Santiniketan, India’ and ‘Sacred Ensemble of Hoysalas’ have been submitted to UNESCO for the year 2021-22 cycle.

Augmentation of sites on the World Heritage List/Tentative List is a continuous process and sites are selected on the basis of their potential for fulfilling criteria under Operational Guidelines and demonstration of Outstanding Universal Value.

At present, India has 38 World Heritage Properties. All the sites under the Ministry are conserved as per ASI’s Conservation Policy and are in good shape.



Under Protection of Archaeological Survey of India (22)

S.No. Name of SiteState 
 Agra Fort (1983)Uttar Pradesh
 Ajanta Caves (1983)Maharashtra
 Ellora Caves (1983)Maharashtra
 Taj Mahal (1983)Uttar Pradesh
 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984)Tamil Nadu
 Sun Temple, Konark (1984)Odisha
 Churches and Convents of Goa (1986)Goa
 FatehpurSikri (1986)Uttar Pradesh
 Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986)Karnataka
 Khajuraho, Group of Temples (1986)Madhya Pradesh
 Elephanta Caves ( 1987)Maharashtra
 Great Living Chola Temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and Darasuram (1987 & 2004)Tamil Nadu
 Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987)Karnataka
 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989)Madhya Pradesh
 Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993)Delhi
 QutbMinar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993)Delhi
 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003)Madhya Pradesh
 Champaner-Pavagarh Archaeological Park (2004)Gujarat
 Red Fort Complex, Delhi (2007)Delhi
 Hill Forts of RajasthanKumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer and Ranthambhore, Amber and Gagron Forts) (2013)(Amber and Gagron Forts are under protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums)Rajasthan
 Rani-ki-Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan (2014)Gujarat
 Archaeological Site of NalandaMahavihara(Nalanda University) at Nalanda (2016)Bihar

Under Protection of Ministry of Railways (2)

23.Mountain Railways of India Darjeeling,(1999), Nilgiri (2005), Kalka-Shimla (2008)West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
24.ChhatrapatiShivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004)Maharashtra

Under Protection of Bodhgaya Temple Management Committee (1)

25Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, (2002)Bihar

Under Protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums (1)

26.The JantarMantar, Jaipur (2010)Rajasthan

Under Protection of Chandigarh Administration (1)

27.The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016)Chandigarh

Under Protection of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (1)

28.Historic City of Ahmedabad (2017)Gujarat

Under Protection of Bombay Municipal Corporation (1)

29.Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai (2018)Govt of Maharashtra

Under Protection of Jaipur Municipal Corporation (1)

30.Jaipur City, Rajasthan (2019)Govt of Rajasthan


Under Protection of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Changes

31.Kaziranga National Park (1985)Assam
32.Keoladeo National Park (1985)Rajasthan
33.Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985)Assam
34.Sunderbans National Park (1987)West Bengal
35.Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005)Uttarakhand
36.Western Ghats (2012)Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu
37Great Himalayan National Park (2014)Himachal Pradesh


Under Protection of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Changes

38.Khangchendzonga National Park (2016)Sikkim 

This information was given by the Minister of State (I/c) of Culture and Tourism, Prahlad Singh Patel in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

Khangchendzonga included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves

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New Delhi/Gangtok/Palembang (Indonesia): The Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve has become the 11th Biosphere Reserve from India to be included in the UNESCO designated World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR).

The decision to include Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in WNBR was taken at the 30th Session of International Coordinating Council (ICC) of Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme of UNESCO held at Palembang, Indonesia, from July 23-27, 2018. India has 18 Biosphere Reserves and with the inclusion of Khangchendzonga, the number of internationally designated WNBR has become 11, with 7 Biosphere Reserves being domestic Biosphere Reserves.

Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in Sikkim is one of the highest ecosystems in the world, reaching elevations of 1, 220 metres above sea-level. It includes a range of ecolines , varying from sub-tropic to Arctic, as well as natural forests in different biomes, that support an immensely rich diversity of forest types and habitats.

The core area of the Biosphere Reserve is a major transboundary Wildlife Protected Area. The southern and central landscape, which makes up 86% of the core area, is situated in the Greater Himalayas. The northern part of the area accounts for 14% is characterized by trans-Himalayan features. Buffer zones are being developed to promote eco-tourism activities. Plantation and soil conservation work is also being carried out.

The core zone – Khangchendzonga National Park was designated a World Heritage Site in 2016 under the ‘mixed’ category. Many of the mountains, peaks, lakes, caves, rocks, Stupas (shrines) and hot springs function as pilgrimage sites. Over 118 species of the large number of medicinal plants found in Dzongu Valley in north Sikkim are of ethno-medical utility. The transition zone is targeted for eco-development activities, afforestation, plantation of medicinal herbs and soil conservation measures.