Tag Archives: sunderlal patwa

Padma Awards: Patwa and Sangma honoured posthumously

Newsroom24x7 Staff

New Delhi: This year the Preisident of India has approved conferment of Padma Awards to 89 persons on the eve of Republic Day. The Padma Vibhushan is being conferred on four politicians. Besides former Union Ministers Murli Manohar Joshi and Sharad Pawar, two of these are being conferred posthumously to former Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister and Union Minister lare Sunderlal Patwa and former Lok Sabha Speaker P. A. Sangma.

In May 1999, Pawar and Sangma, along with another Congress leader Tariq Anwar, had challenged Congress President Sonia Gandhi’s right to become India’s Prime Minister because of her Italian origin. After their expulsion from the party, these leaders had formed the Nationalist Congress Party.

Cricket hero Virat Kohli gets Padma Shri.

Seven of the Padma awardees have been conferred Padma Vibhushan,. There are an equal number of Padma Bhushan and 75 Padma Shri Awardees.  19 of the awardees are women and the list also includes 5 persons from the category of foreigners, NRIs, PIOs and 6 Posthumous awardees

Padma Awards – one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.

The Awards are given in various disciplines and fields of activities like  art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, and civil service.

‘Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order and ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field. The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year.

These awards are conferred by the President of India at ceremonial functions which are held at Rashtrapati Bhawan usually around March/ April every year.


Sl. No. Name Field State
1. Shri K J Yesudas Art-Music Kerala
2. Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev Others-Spiritualism Tamil Nadu
3. Shri Sharad Pawar Public Affairs Maharashtra
4. Shri Murli Manohar Joshi Public Affairs Uttar Pradesh
5. Prof. Udipi Ramachandra Rao Science & Engineering Karnataka
6. Late Shri Sunder Lal Patwa (Posthumous) Public Affairs Madhya Pradesh
7. Late Shri PA Sangma


Public Affairs Meghalaya


Padma Bhushan

Sl. No. Name Field State
8. Shri Vishwa Mohan Bhatt Art-Music Rajasthan
9. Prof. (Dr.) Devi Prasad Dwivedi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
10. Shri Tehemton Udwadia Medicine Maharashtra
11. Shri Ratna Sundar Maharaj Others-Spiritualism Gujarat
12. Swami Niranjana Nanda Saraswati Others-Yoga Bihar
13. H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn (Foreigner) Literature & Education Thailand
14. Late Shri Cho Ramaswamy (Posthumous) Literature & Education –Journalism Tamil Nadu


Padma Shri 

Sl. No Name Field State
15. Smt. Basanti Bisht Art-Music Uttarakhand
16. Shri Chemanchery Kunhiraman Nair Art-Dance Kerala
17. Smt. Aruna Mohanty Art-Dance Odisha
18. Smt. Bharathi Vishnuvardhan Art-Cinema Karnataka
19. Shri Sadhu Meher Art-Cinema Odisha
20. Shri T K Murthy Art-Music Tamil Nadu
21. Shri Laishram Birendrakumar Singh Art-Music Manipur
22. Shri Krishna Ram Chaudhary Art-Music Uttar Pradesh
23. Smt. Baoa Devi Art-Painting Bihar
24. Shri Tilak Gitai Art-Painting Rajasthan
25. Dr. Prof. Aekka Yadagiri Rao Art-Sculpture Telangana
26. Shri Jitendra Haripal Art-Music Odisha
27. Shri Kailash Kher Art-Music Maharashtra
28. Smt. Parassala B Ponnammal Art-Music Kerala
29. Smt. Sukri Bommagowda Art-Music Karnataka
30. Shri Mukund Nayak Art-Music Jharkhand
31. Shri Purushottam Upadhyay Art-Music Gujarat
32. Smt. Anuradha Paudwal Art-Music Maharashtra
33. Shri Wareppa Naba Nil Art-Theatre Manipur
34. Shri Tripuraneni Hanuman Chowdary Civil Service Telangana
35. Shri T.K. Viswanathan Civil Service Haryana
36. Shri Kanwal Sibal Civil Service Delhi
37. Shri Birkha Bahadur Limboo Muringla Literature & Education Sikkim
38. Smt. Eli Ahmed Literature & Education Assam
39. Dr. Narendra Kohli Literature & Education Delhi
40. Prof. G. Venkatasubbiah Literature & Education Karnataka
41. Shri Akkitham Achyuthan Namboothiri Literature & Education Kerala
42. Shri Kashi Nath Pandita Literature & Education Jammu & Kashmir
43. Shri Chamu Krishna Shastry Literature & Education Delhi
44. Shri Harihar Kripalu Tripathi Literature & Education Uttar Pradesh
45. Shri Michel Danino Literature & Education Tamil Nadu
46. Shri Punam Suri Literature & Education Delhi
47. Shri VG Patel Literature & Education Gujarat
48. Smt. V Koteswaramma Literature & Education Andhra Pradesh
49. Shri Balbir Dutt Literature & Education-Journalism Jharkhand
50. Smt. Bhawana Somaaya Literature & Education-Journalism Maharashtra
51. Shri Vishnu Pandya Literature & Education-Journalism Gujarat
52. Dr. Subroto Das Medicine Gujarat
53. Dr. (Smt.) Bhakti Yadav Medicine Madhya Pradesh
54. Dr. Mohammed Abdul Waheed Medicine Telangana
55. Dr. Madan Madhav Godbole Medicine Uttar Pradesh
56. Dr. Devendra Dayabhai Patel Medicine Gujarat
57. Prof. Harkishan Singh Medicine Chandigarh
58. Dr. Mukut Minz Medicine Chandigarh
59. Shri Arun Kumar Sharma Others-Archaeology Chhattisgarh
60. Shri Sanjeev Kapoor Others-Culinary Maharashtra
61. Smt. Meenakshi Amma Others-Martial Art Kerala
62. Shri Genabhai Dargabhai Patel Others-Agriculture Gujarat
63. Shri Chandrakant Pithawa Science & Engineering Telangana
64. Prof. Ajoy Kumar Ray Science & Engineering West Bengal
65. Shri Chintakindi Mallesham Science & Engineering Andhra Pradesh
66. Shri Jitendra Nath Goswami Science & Engineering Assam
67. Shri Daripalli Ramaiah Social Work Telangana
68. Shri Girish Bhardwaj Social Work Karnataka
69. Shri Karimul Hak Social Work West Bengal
70. Shri Bipin Ganatra Social Work West Bengal
71. Smt. Nivedita Raghunath Bhide Social work Tamil Nadu
72. Shri Appasaheb Dharmadhikari Social Work Maharashtra
73. Baba Balbir Singh Seechewal Social Work Punjab
74. Shri Virat Kohli Sports-Cricket Delhi
75. Shri Shekar Naik Sports-Cricket Karnataka
76. Shri Vikasa Gowda Sports-Discus Throw Karnataka
77. Smt. Deepa Malik Sports-Athletics Haryana
78. Shri Mariyappan Thangavelu Sports-Athletics Tamil Nadu
79. Smt. Dipa Karmakar Sports-Gymnastics Tripura
80. Shri P R Shreejesh Sports-Hockey Kerala
81. Smt. Sakshi Malik Sports-Wrestling Haryana
82. Shri Mohan Reddy Venkatrama Bodanapu Trade & Industry Telangana
83. Shri Imrat Khan


Art-Music USA
84. Shri Anant Agarwal


Literature & Education USA
85. Shri H.R. Shah


Literature & Education-Journalism USA
86. Late (Smt.) Suniti Solomon


Medicine Tamil Nadu
87. Shri Asoke Kumar Bhattacharyya


Others-Archaeology West Bengal
88. Dr. Mapuskar


Social Work Maharashtra
89. Smt. Anuradha Koirala (Foreigner) Social Work Nepal



Sunderlal Patwa: Politician to the core who defied the mundane

Lalit Shastri

sunderlal-patwaVeteran Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader and former Madhya Pradesh chief minister Sunderlal Patwa passed away this morning after suffering a heart attack. He was 92.

The Madhya Pradesh government has announced a 3-day state mourning as a mark of respect to the departed leader.

When Janata Party had come to power in Madhya Pradesh in June 1977 after the Emergency imposed by Indira Gandhi between 1975 and 1977, Kailash Joshi was sworn-in as Chief Minister and his term lasted barely 7-months as he was replaced by VK Saklecha, who ruled for more than two years from January 1978 to January 1980.

Sunderlal Patwa succeded Saklecha but remained chief minister for only 29 days. His tenure was cut short as his government was dismissed and President’s Rule was imposed in February 1980 although he commanded majority. When elections for the State Assembly were held in June 1980, Congress came to power and Arjun Singh became the chief minister and completed his five-year term in office.

In the 1990 Assembly election, the BJP led by Sunderlal Patwa swept to power riding the crest of popularity due to the pre-election promise of “Rin-Mukti” (farmers’ loan waiver).

Here are clippings of news items by the author published on 3-consecutive days in July 1989 exposing the impractical side and futility of rural loan waiver

In the run up for the 1990 election, the State BJP unit led by Patwa had announced from rooftops that once they came to power, all rural loans shall be waived. This was done without explaining what they meant by “Rin Mukti” or loan waiver and what would be the tune of debt that they hoped to exempt and also from where they were going to mobilise resources to meet this goal. The BJP had done this showing zero regard to the fact that no government’s financial policy recognises or rewards a defaulter.
Patwa’s second term, though it lasted slightly more than 1000 days, also ended abruptly in December 1992 when his government was dismissed and President’s Rule was imposed in Madhya Pradesh in the wake of the riots that followed in Bhopal and few other cities after the demolition of the disputed Babri Masjid structure on 6 December that year.

Patwa presided over a democratically elected government that was dismissed due to the failure on its part to prevent post-Ayodhya riots from spreading in Madhya Pradesh, whereas the top officials, including the then State Chief Secretary and Director General of Police, who were monitoring the riot situation from the Control Room in the State capital and briefing the media on a day-to-day basis along with the Chief Minister at the State secretarat kept rising the ladders of success in their respective careers. Notwisthstanding the fact that both these top offcials were removed promptly by the then Governor on imposition of President’s Rule to allow fair Inquiry into the causes and acts of omission and commision leading to the flare up of the situation, the fact remains that on the one side Patwa lost his job as chief minister and on the other the top cop in quetion was elevated to the post of Director General of Border Security Force and the axed chief secretary who also went on deputation to the Centre was later appointed as chairperson of the Public Enterprises Selection Board [P.E.S.B], which is a high powered body constituted by Government of India for evovling a sound managerial policy for the Central Public Sector Enterprises and, in particular, to advise Government on appointments to their top management posts.

It is not the least surprising that the BJP had to pay a heavy price and it lost the 1993 State Assembly election. This happened since the majority of voters had refused to get polarised as hundreds had perished in the post-Ayodhya riots while the police under the Patwa regime had mostly abdicated it’s role. I have been a witness to police officers turning a blind and leaving the scene while rioters torched shops and indulged in an orgy of violence in old Bhopal streets.

Any one who has watched Assembly debates with Patwa as leader of the House or as Opposition leader, would recall his punchy jibes, humour and rustic replies that left all speechless. One recalls – on a particular occasion when the members from the Opposition benches had tried to pin him down on his unfulfilled promises, he had remarked with a nonchalant demeanour “मैने गंगा जल हात में लेकर शपथ नहीं ली थी”” (I did not announce this by taking oath while holding the sacred water of the Ganges in my hand).

Patwa had tremendous faith in his own popularity both within the party and outside. It was backed by his long years as a party worker with the erstwhile Jan Sangh and then as a legislator and parliamentarian and a veteran BJP leader who had played a key role in laying the foundation of BJP in Madhya Prdesh. A negative reporting here or a negative reporting there never bothered him even an iota.

Hailing from Mandsaur in western Madhya Pradesh Patwa had made Bhojpur, near Bhopal, his Assembly constituency. He had also defeated Congress stalwart Kamal Nath on his home turf in Chhindwara in 1998 and had also represented Hoshangabad in Parliament when he won that seat in 1999.

Political Career

  • 1957-67, 1977–97 and 1998 – Member, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly (three terms)
  • 1957-67 – Chief Whip, Opposition Party, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
    1975 – General Secretary, Jana Sangh, Madhya Pradesh
  • 1977 – Member, Working Committee, Janata Party
  • Jan. 1980 – Feb 1980, March 1990 – December 1992 – Chief Minister, Madhya Pradesh (twice)
  • 1980-85 – Leader of Opposition, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly; Chairman, Public Accounts Committee, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
  • 1986 – President, B.J.P., Madhya Pradesh; Member, General Purposes Committee, Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
  • 1997 – Elected to 11th Lok Sabha
  • 1999 – Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
  • 13 Oct. 1999 – 30 Sept. 2000 – Union Cabinet Minister, Rural Development
  • 30 Sept 2000–7 Nov. 2000 – Union Cabinet Minister, Chemicals and Fertilizers
  • 7 Nov. 2000 – 1 Sept. 2001 – Union Cabinet Minister, Mines