Tag Archives: Quit India Movement

Quit India Movement: Remembering a Freedom Fighter

Newsroom24x7 Desk

On the 77th anniversary of Quit India Movement, Newsroom24x7 pays homage to leading freedom fighter late Anant Maral Shastri, who had taken a break from Milap newspaper and also quit his teaching assignment in Lahore to jump into the Quit India Movement in 1942. He was arrested and kept in the Patna camp jail. One of the inmates in his cell was Sitaram Kesri, who was at that time a bugler of Congress Seva Dal. Kesri later rose to become the Indian National Congress President and was succeeded by Sonia Gandhi.

Anant Maral Shastri (1912–1999) will always be remembered as a freedom fighter, journalist, literary figure, poet, Sanskrit scholar, linguist and a highly respected administrator. At a very young age, he had left Ambikapur, now in Chhattisgarh, to join Kashi Vidyapeeth, a nationalist institution of learning in Varanasi, where he found a Guru in Acharya Narendra Dev, a renowned freedom fighter, scholar and teacher.

Acharya Narandra Dev with Anant Maral Shastri at his residence in Indore (early 50s of the 20th Century).

Acharya Narendra Dev, and another renowned freedom fighter Acharya JB Kriplani, were Anant Maral’s teachers at Kashi Vidyapeeth. Lal Bahadur Shastri, who rose to become Prime Minister of India after the death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and Kamlapati Tripathi, who later became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, were Shastri’s contemporaries at Kashi Vidyapeeth.

There was a two-year period between 1930 and 1932 during the Civil Disobedience Movement, when the British had gagged the press, Anant Maral went underground to evade arrest and published the Congress Bulletin and Congress Samachar from Allahabad. He used to write in his own hand and cut stencils to print copies of the Congress Bulletin. He used to travel on foot from one village to another to distribute it and carry forward the Congress message. Around the same time, he also served as the Youth League secretary in Varanasi.

At the time of Independence, Anant Maral Shastri became the Editor of “Ajkal”- the highest circulated and the most popular Hindi magazine during those days. This magazine had become a platform for many budding and rising poets. Some of the contributors, including Harivansh Rai Bachchan, emerged as India’s greatest poets during the second half of last century.

At Publications Division, Anant Maral also played the key role in compiling and editing Mahatma Gandhi’s Prayer Speeches, jointly with former Union Minister Sushila Nayar. These speeches were recorded earlier by All India Radio. A collection of these speeches was published under the title “Bhaiyon aur Behnon” (Brothers and sisters).

Anant Maral Shastri with Marshal Tito. The former Maharaja of Gwalior Jiwajirao Scindia is on extreme left.

In 1949, Anant Maral Shastri came to Madhya Bharat as Director of Information and Publicity, a post he also held even in Madhya Pradesh after the reorganisation of States in 1956. Under Shastri’s able guidance, art and culture flourished in Madhya Pradesh, the heart of India in the post-Independence era. During his time, area-wise, Madhya Pradesh was the largest State in the country. The State was bifurcated in the year 2000 to create the separate State of Chhattisgarh.

Shastri remained at the helm and managed the culture scene for a long period in Madhya Pradesh (1956–71). During his tenure, two important annual events organised by the State – the famous Tansen Samaroh at Gwalior (music festival to commemorate the memory of Miyan Tansen – one of the nine gems in the court of the Moghul Emperor Akbar) and the Kalidas Samaroh (festival) at Ujjain to salute Kalidas, the great Classical Sanskrit poet and dramatist, had touched the pinnacle of glory. India’s first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad had inaugurated the first Akhil Bharatiya Kalidas Samaroh (National Kalidas Festival) in 1958. Next year, Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had inaugurated this festival. On this occasion, Nehru was presented with Kalidasa’s famous work, Raghuvansh. The epic was especially translated from Sanskrit to Hindi by Anant Maral Shastri to mark the occasion.

Shastri with Shehnai maestro Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan

It was at the initiative of BV Keskar, the Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting (1952–62) that Tansen Samaroh was turned into a national Music festival and has remained a popular platform for maestros to perform. For close to two decades, Anant Maral Shastri also spearheaded Madhya Pradesh Shasan Sahitya Parishad and Kala Parishad (State Councils for Literature and Arts). The Tagore Centenary and Alauddin Khan Centenary celebrations as well as the magnificent event organised in the early 1960s at Khandwa to honour Makhanlal Chaturvedi, the legendary Hindi Poet, were a high water mark of Shastri’s career and shall always add to the pride and glory of Madhya Pradesh.

Postscript:

After Independence, Anant Maral Shastri had refused to accept a house that was being given to him by the government under the refugee quota at Nizamuddin, now a high-end residential colony in New Delhi. This was when he had shifted to Delhi from Lahore on partition and creation of Pakistan.

Shastri had also refused to avail the freedom fighters’ pension and all the benefits that went with it. As head of the department for more than two decades, first in the erstwhile Madhya Bharat State and then in Madhya Pradesh, he remained a fine example of probity in public life. What to talk of making sure that none of his children or relatives ever sat in his official staff car, he also made it a point to always fill his fountain pen only with ink that he had purchased with his own money. His argument was that besides the official noting, he was also using the pen for personal jottings or for writing letters that were not official.

India faces the challenge of corruption, poverty, illiteracy and malnutrition: Narendra Modi

Newsroom24x7 Staff

Prime Minister Narendra Modi

New Delhi: Prime Minister Narendra Modi today noted that corruption, poverty, illiteracy and malnutrition are challenges that India now needs to overcome.

Modi said that a positive transformation, and a common resolve is required for this. He also mentioned the role played by women in the freedom struggle, and said that women can add immense strength to our common objectives, even today.

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The Prime Minister was delivering an address in the Lok Sabha, on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the Quit India Movement. He said that the recollection of movements such as the Quit India Movement, is a source of inspiration, and added that the current generation has a responsibility of passing on the legacy of such movements, to the future generations.

The Prime Minister recalled that even as many senior leaders like Mahatma Gandhi were jailed at the beginning of the Quit India Movement, a new generation of leaders emerged to fill the vacuum and take the movement forward.

The Prime Minister noted that the freedom struggle went through several phases, and recalled various leaders and movements that emerged at various points since 1857. He added that the Quit India Movement that began in 1942, was a decisive movement. Quoting Gandhiji, the Prime Minister said that all sections of people joined in, responding to Mahatma Gandhi’s clarion call of “Do or Die.” He said that from political leaders to the common man, everyone was imbued with this spirit. Five years was all it took to achieve the objective of independence, once the entire country shared this common resolve, the Prime Minister said.

The Prime Minister quoted the writer Ramvriksha Benipuri, and the poet Sohanlal Dwivedi to describe the mood that prevailed at that time.

Speaking about rights and duties, the Prime Minister said that while we are well aware of our rights, we cannot forget our duties, and these too, must become part of our way of life.

The Prime Minister said that colonialism began in India, and its end too, began with India’s independence, which was soon followed by the fall of colonialism across Asia and Africa.

In 1942, conditions internationally became favourable for India to get independence, the Prime Minister said, noting that today again, the global conditions are favourable for India. He said, that from 1857 to 1942, the move towards freedom was incremental, but the years from 1942 to 1947, were transformative, and delivered on the objective. The Prime Minister urged the Members of Parliament to rise above differences, and join in a common effort to create an India of the dreams of the freedom fighters in the next five years, from 2017 to 2022, coinciding with the 75th anniversary of independence.

The Prime Minister said that if in 1942, the clarion call was “Karenge Ya Marenge,” today the call should be “Karenge aur Karke Rahenge.” He said that the next five years should also be about “Sankalp se Siddhi” – a resolve which will lead us to accomplishment.

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The Prime Minister concluded with the following resolve to overcome corruption, give the poor their rights, give youth self-employment, end malnutrition, end barriers to women empowerment, and end illiteracy:

· हम सभी मिलकर देश से भ्रष्टाचार दूर करेंगे, और करके रहेंगे

· हम सभी मिलकर गरीबों को उनका अधिकार दिलाएंगे और दिलाकर रहेंगे

· हम सभी मिलकर नौजवानों को स्वरोजगार के और अवसर देंगे और देकर रहेंगे

· हम सभी मिलकर देश से कुपोषण की समस्या को खत्म करेंगे और करके रहेंगे

· हम सभी मिलकर महिलाओं को आगे बढ़ने से रोकने वाली बेड़ियों को खत्म करेंगे और करके रहेंगे

· हम सभी मिलकर देश से अशिक्षा को खत्म करेंगे और करके रहेंगे

Quit India Movement and the life and times of Anant Maral Shastri

Newsroom24x7 Desk

Anant Maral Shastri will always be remembered as a freedom fighter, journalist, literary figure, poet, Sanskrit scholar, linguist and a respected administrator. At a very young age, he had left Ambikapur, now in Chhattisgarh, and joined Kashi Vidyapeeth, a nationalist institution of learning in Varanasi, where he found a Guru in Acharya Narendra Dev, a renowned freedom fighter, scholar and teacher.

Acharya Narandra Dev with Anant Maral Shastri at his residence in Indore

On the 75th anniversary of Quit India movement, Newsroom24x7 pays homage to leading freedom fighter late Anant Maral Shastri, who had taken a break from Milap newspaper and also quit his teaching assignment in Lahore to jump into the Quit India Movement in 1942. He was arrested and kept in the Patna camp jail. One of the inmates in his cell was Sitaram Kesri, who was at that time a bugler of Congress Seva Dal. Kesri later rose to become the Indian National Congress President and was succeeded by Sonia Gandhi.

Anant Maral Shastri (1912–1999), will always be remembered as a freedom fighter, journalist, literary figure, poet, Sanskrit scholar, linguist and a respected administrator under whose able guidance art and culture flourished in the heart of India in the post-Independence era.

At a very young age, Anant Maral had become a nationalist. He left his home at Ambikapur, now in Chhattisgarh, to join Kashi Vidyapeeth, a nationalist institution of learning in Varanasi, where he found a Guru in Acharya Narendra Dev, who was a renowned freedom fighter, scholar and teacher.

Acharya Narendra Deva, and another renowned freedom fighter Acharya JB Kriplani, were Anant Maral’s teachers at Kashi Vidyapeeth . Lal Bahadur Shastri, who rose to become Prime Minister of India after the death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and Kamlapati Tripathi, who later became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, were Anant Maral Shastri’s contemporaries at Kashi Vidyapeeth.

There was a two-year period between 1930 and 1932 during the Civil Disobedience Movement, when the British had gagged the press, Anant Maral went underground to evade arrest and published the Congress Bulletin and Congress Samachar from Allahabad. He used to write in his own hand and cut stencils to print copies of the Congress bulletin. He used to go on foot from one village to another to distribute it and carry forward the Congress message. Around the same time, he also served as the Youth League secretary in Varanasi.

At the time of Independence, Anant Maral Shastri was Editor of “Ajkal”- the highest circulated and the most popular Hindi magazine during those days. This magazine had become a platform for many budding and rising poets. Some of them, including Harivansh Rai Bachchan, emerged as India’s greatest poets during the second half of last century.

At Publications Division, Anant Maral also played the key role in compiling and editing Mahatma Gandhi’s Prayer Speeches, jointly with former Union Minister Sushila Nayar. These speeches were recorded earlier by All India Radio. A collection of these speeches was published under the title “Bhaiyon aur Behnon” (Brothers and sisters).

Anant Maral Shastri with Marshal Tito. The former Maharaja of Gwalior Jiwajirao Scindia is on extreme left.

In 1949, Anant Maral Shastri came to Madhya Bharat as Director of Information and Publicity, a post he also held even in Madhya Pradesh after the reorganisation of States in 1956. He remained at the helm and managed the culture scene for a long period in Madhya Pradesh(1956–71). During his tenure, two important annual events organised by the State – the famous Tansen Samaroh at Gwalior (music festival to commemorate the memory of Miyan Tansen – one of the nine gems in the court of the Moghul Emperor Akbar) and the Kalidas Samaroh (festival) at Ujjain to salute Kalidas, the great Classical Sanskrit poet and dramatist, had touched the pinnacle of glory. India’s first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad had inaugurated the first Akhil Bharatiya Kalidas Samaroh (National Kalidas Festival) in 1958. Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the chief guest at the second. On this occasion, Nehru was presented with Kalidasa’s famous work, Raghuvansh. The epic was especially translated from Sanskrit to Hindi by Anant Maral Shastri to mark this occasion.

Shastri with Shehnai maestro Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan

It was at the initiative of BV Keskar, the Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting (1952–62) that Tansen Samaroh was turned into a national Music festival and has remained a popular platform for maestros to perform. For close to two decades, Anant Maral Shastri also spearheaded Madhya Pradesh Shasan Sahitya Parishad and Kala Parishad (State Councils for Literature and Arts). The Tagore Centenary and Alauddin Khan Centenary celebrations as well as the magnificent event organised during the 1960s at Khandwa to honour Makhanlal Chaturvedi, the legendary Hindi Poet, were a high water mark of Shastri’s career and shall always add to the pride and glory of Madhya Pradesh.

Postscript:

Immediately after Independence, Anant Maral Shastri had refused to accept a house that was being given to him by the government under the refugee quota at Nizamuddin, now a high-end residential colony in New Delhi. This was when he had shifted to Delhi after partition and creation of Pakistan.

Shastri , all his life refused to avail the freedom fighters’ pension and the benefits that go with it.

As head of the department for more than two decades, first in the erstwhile Madhya Bharat State and then in Madhya Pradesh, he remained the ultimate example of probity in public life. What to talk of making sure that none of his children ever sat in his staff car, he also made it a point to always fill his fountain pen only with ink that he had purchased with his own money. His argument was that besides the official noting, he was also using the pen for personal jottings or for writing letters that were not official.