Tag Archives: Hawala

CIA Factbook: Afghanistan is world’s largest producer of opium and the US is largest consumer of cocaine

Newsroom24x7 Network

Afghanistan is world’s largest producer of opium while the United States of America is the world’s largest consumer of cocaine and a major consumer of ecstasy and Mexican methamphetamine, besides the US is also a money-laundering center.

This information is derived from the American Central Intelligence Agency’s most popular publication — The World Factbook.

Presenting the global scenario visi-a-vis illicit drugs, the CIA document, which falls short of giving the latest data, states that worldwide coca leaf cultivation in 2013 amounted to about 165,000 hectares, assuming a stable crop in Bolivia; Colombia produced slightly less than half of the worldwide crop, followed by Peru and Bolivia; potential pure cocaine production increased 7% to 640 metric tons in 2013; Colombia conducts an aggressive coca eradication campaign, Peru has increased its eradication efforts, but remains hesitant to eradicate coca in key growing areas, it has been pointed out.

In terms of opiates, the CIA Factbook goes on to state that worldwide illicit opium poppy cultivation increased in 2013, with potential opium production reaching 6,800 metric tons.

Afghanistan is world’s primary opium producer, accounting for 82% of the global supply; Southeast Asia was responsible for 12% of global opium; Pakistan produced 3% of global opium; Latin America produced 4% of global opium, and most was refined into heroin destined for the US market (2015).

What the CIA Factbook says about some countries

Afghanistan

world’s largest producer of opium; poppy cultivation increased 7 percent, to a record 211,000 hectares in 2014 from 198,000 hectares in 2013, while eradication dropped sharply; relatively low opium yields due to poor weather kept potential opium production – 6,300 metric tons – below the record set in 2007; the Taliban and other antigovernment groups participate in and profit from the opiate trade, which is a key source of revenue for the Taliban inside Afghanistan; widespread corruption and instability impede counterdrug efforts; most of the heroin consumed in Europe and Eurasia is derived from Afghan opium; Afghanistan is also struggling to respond to a burgeoning domestic opiate addiction problem; vulnerable to drug money laundering through informal financial networks; illicit cultivation of cannabis and regional source of hashish.

Australia

Tasmania is one of the world’s major suppliers of licit opiate products; government maintains strict controls over areas of opium poppy cultivation and output of poppy straw concentrate; major consumer of cocaine and amphetamines.

Hong Kong

Despite strenuous law enforcement efforts, faces difficult challenges in controlling transit of heroin and methamphetamine to regional and world markets; modern banking system provides conduit for money laundering; rising indigenous use of synthetic drugs, especially among young people.

India

World’s largest producer of licit opium for the pharmaceutical trade, but an undetermined quantity of opium is diverted to illicit international drug markets; transit point for illicit narcotics produced in neighboring countries and throughout Southwest Asia; illicit producer of methaqualone; vulnerable to narcotics money laundering through the hawala system; licit ketamine and precursor production.

Italy

Important gateway for and consumer of Latin American cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin entering the European market; money laundering by organized crime and from smuggling.

Pakistan

Significant transit area for Afghan drugs, including heroin, opium, morphine, and hashish, bound for Iran, Western markets, the Gulf States, Africa, and Asia; financial crimes related to drug trafficking, terrorism, corruption, and smuggling remain problems; opium poppy cultivation estimated to be 2,300 hectares in 2007 with 600 of those hectares eradicated; federal and provincial authorities continue to conduct anti-poppy campaigns that utilizes forced eradication, fines, and arrests.

Russia

limited cultivation of illicit cannabis and opium poppy and producer of methamphetamine, mostly for domestic consumption; government has active illicit crop eradication program; used as transshipment point for Asian opiates, cannabis, and Latin American cocaine bound for growing domestic markets, to a lesser extent Western and Central Europe, and occasionally to the US; major source of heroin precursor chemicals; corruption and organized crime are key concerns; major consumer of opiates.

Singapore

Drug abuse is limited because of aggressive law enforcement efforts, including carrying out death sentences; as a transportation and financial services hub, Singapore is vulnerable, despite strict laws and enforcement, as a venue for money laundering.

South Africa

transshipment center for heroin, hashish, and cocaine, as well as a major cultivator of marijuana in its own right; cocaine and heroin consumption on the rise; world’s largest market for illicit methaqualone, usually imported illegally from India through various east African countries, but increasingly producing its own synthetic drugs for domestic consumption; attractive venue for money launderers given the increasing level of organized criminal and narcotics activity in the region and the size of the South African economy.

Spain

Despite rigorous law enforcement efforts, North African, Latin American, Galician, and other European traffickers take advantage of Spain’s long coastline to land large shipments of cocaine and hashish for distribution to the European market; consumer for Latin American cocaine and North African hashish; destination and minor transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin; money-laundering site for Colombian narcotics trafficking organizations and organized crime.

Turkey

key transit route for Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe and, to a lesser extent, the US – via air, land, and sea routes; major Turkish and other international trafficking organizations operate out of Istanbul; laboratories to convert imported morphine base into heroin exist in remote regions of Turkey and near Istanbul; government maintains strict controls over areas of legal opium poppy cultivation and over output of poppy straw concentrate; lax enforcement of money-laundering controls.

United Arab Emirates

The UAE is a drug transshipment point for traffickers given its proximity to Southwest Asian drug-producing countries; the UAE’s position as a major financial center makes it vulnerable to money laundering; anti-money-laundering controls improving, but informal banking remains unregulated.

United Kingdom

Producer of limited amounts of synthetic drugs and synthetic precursor chemicals; major consumer of Southwest Asian heroin, Latin American cocaine, and synthetic drugs; money-laundering center.

United States of America

world’s largest consumer of cocaine (shipped from Colombia through Mexico and the Caribbean), Colombian heroin, and Mexican heroin and marijuana; major consumer of ecstasy and Mexican methamphetamine; minor consumer of high-quality Southeast Asian heroin; illicit producer of cannabis, marijuana, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and methamphetamine; money-laundering center.

Congress to protest in Bhopal against illegal mining, corruption, VYAPAM and hawala scam

Newsroom24x7 Staff

illegal-sand-mining-vyapam-hawala-corruptionBhopal: The Madhya Pradesh Congress unit is organising a huge protest demonstration and rally near the State Assembly on Wednesday (February 22) to focus people’s attention on issues like illegal sand mining from the Narmada river, corruption, hawala scandal and the VYAPAM scam.

Briefing media-persons here on the eve of the protest and “gherao” of the state Assembly in the state capital, State Congress unit president Arun Yadav said that the Congress leaders and workers will be there in large numbers to protest against what the Congress describes as “massive illegal sand mining from the Narmada river by the family members of chief minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan.” The Congress agitation is also directed against BJP men who were running a spy racket linked with Pakistan’s ISI, unearthing of a Rs. 2,200 crores Hawala scam in which state minister Sanjay Pathak’s name has also cropped up, besides the latest Supreme Court decision cancelling admissions granted in medical colleges through entrance test conducted by VYAPAM, plight of the farmers, atrocities being committed on dalits, tribals and women and extreme corruption.

Yadav said that top Congress leaders, including AICC General Secretary Mohan Prakash, former Union ministers Kamal Nath, Jyotiraditya Scindia, Suresh Pachauri, Kantilal Bhuria, Congress general secretary and former chief minister Digvijay Singh will be joining tomorrow’s protest.

VYAPAM whistle blower’s wife detained by MP Police

Newsroom24x7.com

Bhopal: Whistle blower in VYAPAM scam Prashant Pandey’s wife was picked up by Indore Police in Madhya Pradesh after sunset on Saturday and released after interrogation.

According to the police, an inforner had tipped off about a Hawala transaction and a woman with more than Rs 9 lakh was nabbed near Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Indore on Saturday evening, She was interrogated and then rekeased. The police have seized the cash in her possession.

Ms Pandey denied the hawala charge and  told media persons that the money was actually meant to be used to buy a property.

Prashant Pandey
Prashant Pandey

Following the police action, Prashant Pandey wrote on facebook on Saturday night that khakhi clad men had illegally detained one of his family members while he was in Delhi. He said in his social media post that if the detention leads to any mishap, not only the Government of Madhya Pradesh but so many Central Ministers and policemen, against whom he has submitted evidence through his “snoopings” and VYAPAM petitions in the Supreme Court, will be held responsible.