Bhimbetaka, about 45 kilometres south-east of Bhopal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that consists of seven hills and over 750 rock shelters distributed over 10 km.
At least some of these shelters were inhabited more than 100,000 years ago. The rock shelters and caves provide evidence of a “rare glimpse” into human settlement and cultural evolution from hunter-gatherers, to agriculture, and expressions of prehistoric spirituality.
Significantly the rock paintings reveal the domestication of horses by the hunting gathering communities between 10,000 and 5,000 BCE in this part of the world (central India).
The first known signs of domestication of horse by the hunter-gatherers to herders in the Balkans and the central Asian Steppes date back to 4200 BCE and horse artifacts show up in greater amounts only after 3500 BCE in this region.