Maximum cases of rape reported from Madhya Pradesh in 2016; Uttar Pradesh accounts for 9.5% of total IPC crime in India;

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New Delhi: Uttar Pradesh accounted for 9.5% of total IPC crime reported in the country followed by Madhya Pradesh (8.9%), Maharashtra (8.8%) and Kerala (8.7%) during 2016.

Out of total 38,947 cases of rape reported in the country during 2016, maximum cases of rape were reported from Madhya Pradesh (4,882), followed by Uttar Pradesh (4,816) and then Maharashtra (4,189).

Even in terms of Juvenile in conflict related cases, of the total 1903 rape cases, the 442 cases were reported from Madhya Pradesh, followed by Maharashtra (2580 and Rajasthan (159).

A total of 30,450 cases of murder were reported during 2016, showing a decline of 5.2% over 2015 (32,127 cases). Uttar Pradesh (4,889 cases) reported the highest number of cases of murder accounting for 16.1% followed by Bihar with 8.5% (2,581 cases) and Maharashtra with 7.6% (2,299 cases) during 2016.

Uttar Pradesh (15,898 cases) reported the highest number of cases of kidnapping & abduction accounting for 18.1% followed by Maharashtra with 10.6% (9,333 cases) and Bihar with 8.3% (7,324 cases) during 2016.

A total of 72,829 cases of offences against public tranquillity were registered under various sections of IPC during 2016, out of which rioting cases accounted for 85.1% of total such cases.

Maximum number of cases under offence against public tranquillity were reported in Bihar (18.4%) followed by Uttar Pradesh (12.0%) and Maharashtra (11.9%) during 2016.

Home Minister Rajnath Singh released Crime in India – 2016 published by the National Crime Records Bureau

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh today released the ‘Crime in India – 2016’ published by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs here today. It is for the first time, for 19 Metropolitan cities (having population above 2 million) also, chapters on “Violent Crimes”,” Crime Against Women”,” Crime Against Children”, “Juveniles in conflict with law”, “Crime Against SC/STs”, “Economic Crimes”,” Cyber Crimes”,” Crime Against Senior Citizens” and “Disposal of Cases by Police and Court” have been included in the report.

CLICK here for Crime in India – 2016 Snapshots

GST: Government of India grappling with the issue of “Revenue Leakage”

Lalit Shastri

There is no end to problems linked with GST – initiallty leading to county-wide anger over a multi-tier tax structure of 5, 12, 18 and 28 percent.

The Government of India, after the new tax regime was overhauled and the 28 percent tax levied on 178 items was reduced to 18 percent or less earlier this month, is now grappling with the issue of revenue leakage.

The Union Finance Secretary Hasmukh Adhia has called a meeting of all State Commercial Tax Commissioners and other senior officers responsible for GST implementation in the States on 9 December 2017 in New Delhi to review the revenue trend under GST and discuss what can be done to prevent leakages and augment the revenues.

The Chairman CBEC, GST Commissioners and Chief Commissioners of Central and Starte Government will be attending the meeting in new Delhi.

The Meeting has been convened mainly to dicuss the reason for low level of revenue as compared to what was being geneated uinder the VAT/Excise/Service Tax regime.

The concerned officers, both at the Centre and in States, have been asked to compare teh revenues of top 100 companies of the State with their past performance and the status of eway bill system in teh States.

Although not related directly with the agenda for the 9th December meeting, those in knowledgable circles questioning the logic behind the anti-profiteering authority. It is being pointed out that prices should be determined by the market and the authority should not be given the power to control prices of goods and services.

The idea of forming a private limited company with private players to implement the GST goes against the whole concept of sovereign responsibility of administering tax administration. It is to be underscored that India is a Union of States and the Union should not become weak by giving the States excessive leverage when it comes to implementing GST. It was weak institutional framework and tax administration that was responsible for the fiscal developments that eventually flared up the Greek crisis. (September 15, 2016) Click here to read more

Himachal farmers start growing pomegranate and cabbage, as apple lines recede due to climate change

Dinesh C Sharma

Shimla: With apple production greatly affected due to changing climate in Himachal Pradesh, apple farmers are taking to cultivation of vegetables and ‘low chill’ fruits like pomegranate and kiwi.

Hill farmers are steadily moving towards other options, particularly in low and mid altitude (1200-1800 meters) regions of Kullu, Shimla and Mandi districts. They are following inter-cropping in apple orchards with vegetable crops as well as low chill varieties at lower elevations (1000-1200 meters). Farmers are also taking to protected cultivation of vegetables and flowers in a big way. Apple farmers in Kullu valley are growing pomegranate, kiwi and vegetables such as tomato, peas, cauliflower, cabbage and broccoli.

Apples can be grown at altitudes 1500 to 2700 meters above mean sea level in the Himalayan range which provides 1000 to1600 hours of chilling necessary for production of good quality apples. As the region experiences warmer winters and erratic snowfall, the apple growing belt – known as apple line- is shifting to higher altitudes. Warmer winters in lower elevations has resulted into shifting of apple to higher elevations. In dry temperate regions of the state, increased temperature and early melting of snow since 1995 has shifted apple cultivation to higher reaches of Kinnaur (2200-2500 meters).

“Abnormal climatic factors during winters, flowering and fruit development stage have lowered apple productivity of the state,” said Prof S K Bhardwaj of Department of Environmental science, Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, while speaking at a media workshop on climate change here.

He said apple productivity in the region has seen dropped at the rate of 0.183 tonnes per hectare every year during the period from 2005 to 2014. The overall drop in productivity is 9.405 tonnes per hectare in last twenty years.

Warming winters have reduced chilling hours required for apple production. Chill unit hours in Kullu region, for instance have decreased at the rate of 6.385 chill units per year and an overall decrease of 740.8 chill units in last thirty years (1986-2015). Less number of chilling hours results in delayed foliation, reduced fruit set and increased buttoning – all of which contribute to poor fruit quality.

“The highly suitable apple production areas are now restricted only to higher hills of Shimla, Kullu, Chamba, dry temperate zones of Kinnaur and Spiti areas. The moderately suitable areas have now become marginal for apple production in the state,” he added.

Another major cause of apple production taking a hit is increased incidence of hailstorms during the flowering and fruit setting stages. The hails accompanied by other variable weather factors during 1998-99 and 1999-2000 dropped the yields to the minimum. The
quality of the crop was affected during the stage of growth and development in 2004-2005.

In April 2015, 0.67 lakh hectares crop area was affected due to hailstorms and unseasonal rains in the state. Many villages of Theog, Jubbal and Kotkhai were lashed with heavy hail storm grounding the unripened apple fruits in the month of May 2017. In some places, farmers have started using anti-hail guns, buy their effectiveness is still in doubt.

“There is an urgent need to focus attention on studying impacts of climate change on growth development, yield and quality of horticultural crops. The focus should also be on developing adaptation technologies and quantifying mitigation potential of horticultural crops and their dissemination among farmers,” Prof Srivastava added.

Giving an overview of changing weather patterns in HP, Dr Manmohan Singh (IMD, Shimla) pointed out that monsoon season in HP is expanding but overall rainfall is on a decline. Most IMD weather stations are reporting increasing trend in temperature in HP and J & K in the past thirty years. Snowfall days in Srinagar and Shimla is showing a decreasing trend during the same period. Snowfall season in the state is shrinking with decreasing seasonal snowfall and snowfall days.

The workshop was organised by the Centre for Media Studies (CMS), in partnership with the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), GIZ and the Climate Change Cell of Himachal Pradesh. (India Science Wire)

Twitter handle: @dineshcsharma


India Singapore sign agreement for naval cooperation

Newsroom24x7 Staff

India’s Defence Minister Nirmala Ssitharaman and Defence Minister of Singapore Dr Ng Eng Hen at Army Battle Honours Mess, New Delhi on 29 November 2017.

New Delhi:The 2nd Defence Ministers’ Dialogue between India and Singapore concluded today with the signing up of an agreement for naval cooperation.

Both countries had signed the revised Defence Cooperation Agreement (DCA) in 2015 to further strengthen the longstanding defence relationship between the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) and the Indian Armed Forces.

Of particular significance during 2nd Defence Ministers’ Dialogue was the conclusion of the India-Singapore Bilateral Agreement for Naval Cooperation, which will lead to increased cooperation in maritime security, joint exercises, temporary deployments from each other’s naval facilities and mutual logistics support.

During discussions, the Defence Ministers of the two countries, Ng Eng Hen and Nirmala Sitharaman looked forward to the commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the Singapore-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise next year.

Singapore Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen expressed his appreciation for India’s continued support for the SAF’s training in India, covered by the Air Force and Army Bilateral Agreements. Both Ministers welcomed the renewal of the Air Force Bilateral Agreement on the sidelines of the 11th Singapore-India Defence Policy Dialogue in January this year, and looked forward to the successful renewal of the Army Bilateral Agreement next year.

On regional security, both Ministers reaffirmed the importance of maintaining maritime freedom of navigation and trade consistent with international law. India plays a vital role in the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting (ADMM)-Plus. Both Ministers also discussed Singapore’s proposal to expand the Code of Unplanned Encounters at Sea to all ADMM-Plus countries as well as to establish guidelines for air encounters between military aircraft, in order to reduce the risk of miscalculations.

Appreciating India’s leading role in the Indian Ocean Region, the Singapore Defence Minister agreed to India’s proposal for continuous and institutionalised naval engagements in their shared maritime space, including establishing maritime exercises with like-minded regional/ ASEAN partners.

Both Ministers emphasised the importance of international cooperation in tackling transnational security threats, and in particular measures to collectively tackle the threat of terrorism.

Both Ministers also commended the progress made since the India-Singapore Defence Technology Steering Committee was set up in October 2006 to launch joint research projects. Dr Ng expressed his appreciation for India’s offer of its test ranges and infrastructure to Singapore for the conduct of testing and evaluation for R&D projects.

Singapore and India have also made progress in defence industry cooperation, with the signing of the terms of reference for the Defence Industry Working Group (DIWG) in August this year. Both Ministers agreed that this would facilitate greater collaboration in aerospace, electronics and other areas of mutual interest between the defence industries of both countries.

Dr Ng expressed his appreciation for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s acceptance as keynote speaker for the 2018 Shangri-La Dialogue to articulate India’s vision for a stable Indo-Pacific region.