Quit India Movement and the life and times of Anant Maral Shastri

Acharya Narandra Dev with Anant Maral Shastri at his residence in Indore, 1949-50.

Newsroom24x7 Desk


Anant Maral Shastri will always be remembered as a freedom fighter, journalist, literary figure, poet, Sanskrit scholar, linguist and a respected administrator. At a very young age, he had left Ambikapur, now in Chhattisgarh, and joined Kashi Vidyapeeth, a nationalist institution of learning in Varanasi, where he found a Guru in Acharya Narendra Dev, a renowned freedom fighter, scholar and teacher. His grand father, Pandit Lal Bihari Sharma, was the official tutor of Raja Bahadur Raghunath Saran Singh Deo, Maharaja of Sarguja (1879-1917), who was the great grand father of Madaneswar Saran Singh Deo, who became Chief Secretary of Madhya Pradesh.

Pandit Lal Bihari Sharma had a huge landed property in Ambikapur, Sarguja, which his son Anant Maral, who was the only son and heir to that property, just left it when he joined Kashi Vidyapeeth and the Freedom Movement at a young age. He never returned to claim it after Independence.

On the 75th anniversary of Quit India movement, Newsroom24x7 pays homage to leading freedom fighter late Anant Maral Shastri, who had taken a break from Milap newspaper and also quit his teaching assignment in Lahore to jump into the Quit India Movement in 1942. He was arrested and kept in the Patna camp jail. One of the inmates in his cell was Sitaram Kesri, who was at that time a bugler of Congress Seva Dal. Kesri later rose to become the Indian National Congress President and was succeeded by Sonia Gandhi.

Anant Maral Shastri (1912–1999), will always be remembered as a freedom fighter, journalist, literary figure, poet, Sanskrit scholar, linguist and a respected administrator under whose able guidance art and culture flourished in the heart of India in the post-Independence era.

At a very young age, Anant Maral had become a nationalist. He left his home at Ambikapur, now in Chhattisgarh, to join Kashi Vidyapeeth, a nationalist institution of learning in Varanasi, where he found a Guru in Acharya Narendra Dev, who was a renowned freedom fighter, scholar and teacher.

Acharya Narendra Deva, and another renowned freedom fighter Acharya JB Kriplani, were Anant Maral’s teachers at Kashi Vidyapeeth . Lal Bahadur Shastri, who rose to become Prime Minister of India after the death of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, and Kamlapati Tripathi, who later became the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, were Anant Maral Shastri’s contemporaries at Kashi Vidyapeeth.

There was a two-year period between 1930 and 1932 during the Civil Disobedience Movement, when the British had gagged the press, Anant Maral went underground to evade arrest and published the Congress Bulletin and Congress Samachar from Allahabad. He used to write in his own hand and cut stencils to print copies of the Congress bulletin. He used to go on foot from one village to another to distribute it and carry forward the Congress message. Around the same time, he also served as the Youth League secretary in Varanasi.

At the time of Independence, Anant Maral Shastri was Editor of “Ajkal”- the highest circulated and the most popular Hindi magazine during those days. This magazine had become a platform for many budding and rising poets. Some of them, including Harivansh Rai Bachchan, emerged as India’s greatest poets during the second half of last century.

At Publications Division, Anant Maral also played the key role in compiling and editing Mahatma Gandhi’s Prayer Speeches, jointly with former Union Minister Sushila Nayar. These speeches were recorded earlier by All India Radio. A collection of these speeches was published under the title “Bhaiyon aur Behnon” (Brothers and sisters).

Anant Maral Shastri with Marshal Tito. The former Maharaja of Gwalior Jiwajirao Scindia is on extreme left.

In 1949, Anant Maral Shastri came to Madhya Bharat as Director of Information and Publicity, a post he also held even in Madhya Pradesh after the reorganisation of States in 1956. He remained at the helm and managed the culture scene for a long period in Madhya Pradesh(1956–71). During his tenure, two important annual events organised by the State – the famous Tansen Samaroh at Gwalior (music festival to commemorate the memory of Miyan Tansen – one of the nine gems in the court of the Moghul Emperor Akbar) and the Kalidas Samaroh (festival) at Ujjain to salute Kalidas, the great Classical Sanskrit poet and dramatist, had touched the pinnacle of glory. India’s first President Dr. Rajendra Prasad had inaugurated the first Akhil Bharatiya Kalidas Samaroh (National Kalidas Festival) in 1958. Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the chief guest at the second. On this occasion, Nehru was presented with Kalidasa’s famous work, Raghuvansh. The epic was especially translated from Sanskrit to Hindi by Anant Maral Shastri to mark this occasion.

Shastri with Shehnai maestro Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan

It was at the initiative of BV Keskar, the Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting (1952–62) that Tansen Samaroh was turned into a national Music festival and has remained a popular platform for maestros to perform. For close to two decades, Anant Maral Shastri also spearheaded Madhya Pradesh Shasan Sahitya Parishad and Kala Parishad (State Councils for Literature and Arts). The Tagore Centenary and Alauddin Khan Centenary celebrations as well as the magnificent event organised during the 1960s at Khandwa to honour Makhanlal Chaturvedi, the legendary Hindi Poet, were a high water mark of Shastri’s career and shall always add to the pride and glory of Madhya Pradesh.


Immediately after Independence, Anant Maral Shastri had refused to accept a house that was being given to him by the government under the refugee quota at Nizamuddin, now a high-end residential colony in New Delhi. This was when he had shifted to Delhi after partition and creation of Pakistan.

Shastri , all his life refused to avail the freedom fighters’ pension and the benefits that go with it.

As head of the department for more than two decades, first in the erstwhile Madhya Bharat State and then in Madhya Pradesh, he remained the ultimate example of probity in public life. What to talk of making sure that none of his children ever sat in his staff car, he also made it a point to always fill his fountain pen only with ink that he had purchased with his own money. His argument was that besides the official noting, he was also using the pen for personal jottings or for writing letters that were not official.


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