Mumbai: The Handbook of Statistics on Indian States released today by Reserve Bank of India shows Madhya Pradesh lagging behind most states when it comes to addressing issues like poverty, illiteracy, infant mortality and dearth of employment for the masses
The RBI report gives detailed statistics of social and demographic indicators. The figures of poverty rate of the States for different years reveal the state of affairs vis-a-vis a huge chunk of the Indian population still languishing in poverty 70 years after Independence.
The RBI report gives 2011-12 figures (Based on MRP Consumption) using population as on 1st March 2012 for estimating number of persons below poverty line with 2011 Census Population extrapolated.
Against an all-India average of 21.92 per cent below poverty line, In Madhya Pradesh 31.65 per cent of the total population (23.41 million people) is below poverty line. In 2004-05 48.60 per cent population in Madhya Pradesh (31.69 million) was below poverty line.
In Uttar Pradesh 29 per cent population (59.82 million people) is below poverty line. In 2004-05 40.90 per cent population (73.55 million people) was living below poverty line in Uttar Pradesh.
In Chhattisgarh 39.93 per cent of the population (10.41 million people) are below poverty line. In 2004-03, 49.40 per cent population (10.99 million people) was below poverty line.
In Bihar, 33.74 per cent population (36.82 million people) were elow poverty line. In 2004-05, 54.40 per cent population (48.56 million people) was below poverty line.
In Rajasthan is 14.71 per cent of the population is below poverty line (10.29 million people). In 2004-05 34.40 per cent population (21.03 million people) was below poverty line.
According to 2015 figures Madhya Pradesh was the worst state in the country with maximum infant mortality (50 per 1000 against an all india average of 37).
In 2011, against the national average of 72.99 per cent literacy, the literacy percentage of Madhya Pradesh was 69.32; Andhra pradesh 67.02; Arunachal Pradesh 65.39; Bihar 61.80; Jammu and Kashmir 67.16; Jharkhand 66.41; Rajasthan 66.11; and Uttar Pradesh 67.68.
Total persons engaged (2014-15)
According to figures presented by RBI for 2014-15, total number of persons engaged in economic activities or some economically viable or sutainable occupation in Madhya Pradesh was 3,44,031 against the total national workforce of Total 138, 81, 386; The Statistics for some other states in this regard is as follows: Maharashtra – 18,83,675; Punjab – 5,83,316; Gujarat – 14,62,206; Haryana – 7,44,026; Karnataka – 9,74,022; Andhra Pradesh – 528417; Rajasthan – 4,87,520; Tamil Nadu – 21,27,703; Telangana – 6,92,301; Uttar Pradesh – 8,83,331; and West Bengal – 6,32,470
State wise own tax revenue during the fiscal 2016-17 ( according to budget estimates)
Below are figures (Rs. Billion) for a few States. They speak for themselves
- Maharashtra 1441.6
- Uttar Pradesh 1012.6
- Tamil Nadu 906.9
- Karnataka 838.6
- Gujarat 713.7 billion
- Rajasthan 533.0
- Madhya Pradesh 465.0
- Bihar 297.3
CLICK here for The Handbook of Statistics on Indian States