Swachh Bharat MIssion: Sanitation in cities has improved during last one year

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New Delhi: The largest ever Sample Survey of over 18 lakh citizens has revealed that sanitation in cities and towns of the country has substantially improved during the last one year, confirming that the ‘Swachh Bharat’ buzz is making a difference on ground with people clearly perceiving a change for the better.

Sanitation Rankings of 434 cities and towns will be announced on 4 May 2017

The results of the ‘Swachh Survekshan-2017’ have confirmed that the efforts being made under Swachh Bharat Mission have made a positive impact on cleanliness situation in urban areas. According to available information regarding Sanitation Rankings for 2017, eight cities of Madhya Pradesh -Bhopal, Indore, Gwalior, Ujjain, Khargone, Sagar, Rewa and Peethampur – figure among the the top 25 cities in the country ranked on the basis of cleanliness, sanitation and solid waste management.

In the Survey commissioned by the Ministry of Urban Development during January – February this year, over 18 lakh citizens responded to a set of six questions giving their perception of sanitation situation in cities and towns. Besides, 421 assessors of Quality Council of India have physically inspected 17,500 locations in 434 cities and towns. 2,680 residential locations, 2,680 commercial locations and 2,582 commercial and public toilets were inspected in these cities and towns for on the spot third party assessment of ground level assessment of sanitation.

Minister of Urban Development M.Venkaiah Naidu who discussed the findings of the Survey with the ministry officials and the surveyors in detail tweeted today saying : “Survey results are very encouraging. Revealed major improvement in cleanliness in last one year. Swachh Bharat buzz is reflecting on ground. Swachh Rankings of 434 cities and towns will be announced on Thursday this week. More than rankings, citizens’ perception and field reports are more exciting.”

A total of over 37 lakh citizens responded with their feedback under the two month long Survey. After a careful verification of the responses and deletion of multiple responses, Quality Council of India that conducted the Survey have taken in to consideration over 18 lakh responses. The findings of the Swachh Survekshan-2017 are:

-Over 83% of respondents reported their areas much cleaner than last year;

-82% reported improvement in sanitation infrastructure and services like increased availability of litter bins and door-to-door collection of solid waste;

-80% respondents proclaimed much better access to community and public toilets;

-75% residential areas in 404 cities and towns found substantially clean;

-Railway Station surroundings entirely clean in 185 cities;

-75% of Community and Public Toilets found ventilated, well lit and had water supply;

-Door-to-Door collection of waste being done in 80% of wards in 297 cities and towns;

-Sweeping being done twice in 75% of notified commercial areas in 226 cities and towns;

-GPS and RFID based tracking of vehicles transporting solid waste is being done in 166 cities and towns;

-Sanitation staff vacancy reduced to less than 10% in 227 cities and towns; and

-ICT based monitoring of attendance is being done in 158 cities.

The Survey brought out the need for making the Community and Public Toilets more gender, child and differently abled friendly.

Swachh Survekshan 2016

The “Swachh Survekshan” (Survey by Swachh Bharat Mission) 2016 had placed Mysuru, Chandigarh, Tiruchirappalli, Delhi-NDMC, Visakhapatnam, Surat, Rajkot, Gangtok, Pimpri Chinchwad and Greater Mumbai among the top ten cities (in the descending order) on the basis of total score.

The “Swachh Survekshan” (Survey by Swachh Bharat Mission), which was launched in January 2016 to assess the sanitation and solid waste management status in 73 major cities in India (comprising 40% of India’s total urban population) – including 53 cities with a population of above 10
lakhs each, and state capitals revealed that the 73 cities in India are at very different levels of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation.

Based on the scores obtained by the cities across all the three parts of the survey, the ranking of the cities, in descending order, is shown in the table below:

This was the first survey since the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission in October 2014. The Quality Council of India carried out this survey on behalf of the Ministry of Urban Development, Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation.

On the basis of the last survey, Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh, ranked 21, Indore 25, Gwalior 39, and Jabalpur 63. Chennai ranked 37, Bengaluru 38, Delhi -SDMC 39, and Delhi North DMC 43

The ranking of the cities was based on data-collection from 3 sources, on the basis of which the survey has been segregated into 3 main areas:

1. Service Level Status Data (1,000 marks):

Preliminary data was collected in advance by a process of self-assessment from municipals as per the questionnaire.

Assessors visited 73 municipalities to review the documentation and collected the data systematically ensuring that the process is independent and unbiased. Below are the areas that the assessors reviewed with the municipal officials:

In case the total score of two cities is same, cities have been ranked on the basis of their performance in the following areas:

“Door to door collection” and “Processing and Disposal
of Solid waste.”

2. Independent Observation Data (500 marks):
The collection of data for this part was based on physical observation by assessors. A questionnaire was designed to facilitate data collection. The survey assessors used maps and simple handheld recording formats to record their observations and findings along with photographs. Assessors
systematically collected photos as evidence for field observations ensuring that the location, date and time are tagged on all the pictures. As part of direct observation, the whole municipal jurisdiction was divided into 4 zones.

Assessors visited the following places in each zone in each city:

» Slum areas: informal settlements and urban villages across the different parts of the city.
» Neighbourhoods (non-slum locations) including:
• Planned colony under municipal jurisdiction
• Unplanned colony
» Commercial/Main public locations:
• Main market area
• Religious Places
» Bulk waste generators: hotels, banquet halls, weekly vegetable market areas (one of them)
» Community Toilets (2 community toilet complexes in each zone)
» Public Toilets (2 public toilet complexes in each zone)

Additionally, assessors also visited the following places under each municipality:
• Main Bus Station
• Main Railway Station

3. Citizen Feedback Data (500 marks)
Minimum sample size of 1000 surveys or 0.1% of city population whichever is less) was considered for City ranking in 2016. Feedback from Citizens was obtained using IVR surveys wherein 6 questions related to cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation were asked to the citizens.

Click here for Swachch Survey 2016 report

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