Chennai: Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa is no more. It was after midnight that the Apollo Hospital panned the news about the passing away of the iron lady of Tamil Nadu, who was called Amma (mother) by her countless followers.
Jayalalitha was declared critical yesterday and put on a life support system.
On Jayalalithaa ‘s demise, historian Rajiv Lochan has described her as the “Star of Tamilnadu, the Fairy Godmother for millions, the one who will be missed.” Crediting Jayalalithaa for introducing policies to help the poor that ensured that all in TN were able to enjoy middle class comforts, Rajiv Lochan has further observed: “She curbed casteist and ethnicity based politics with a very firm hand. TN became one of the most prosperous and liveable states of India as a result.”
Jayalalitha was sworn-in as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the fifth time in May 2015..
Jayalaltha had to quit as Chief Minister after she was sentenced to four years in jail and fined Rs 100 crore by a Special Court in Bangalore in the disproportionate assets case.
The way was cleared for her resturn as Chief Minister after Justice C.R.Kumaraswamy of the Karnataka High Court acquitted her in the disproportionate assets case on 11 May.
In 1991, following the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, her alliance with the Indian National Congress enabled the ADMK coalition victory.The ADMK alliance with the Congress had won 225 out of the 234 seats contested and won all 40 constituencies in the Centre. she became the first woman and the youngest chief minister of Tamil Nadu and served a full term from 24 June 1991 to 12 May 1996.
The Jayalalitha-led AIADMK lost power in the 1996 elections, when it won 4 of the 168 seats that they contested. She was herself defeated by the DMK candidate in Bargur Constituency.
Jayalalitha was barred from contesting the 2001 election as she was found guilty of criminal offences, and alleged obtaining of property belonging to a state-operated agency called TANSI. She appealed to the Supreme Court, on being sentenced to five years’ imprisonment and the matter was pending at the time of the elections. The AIADMK won a majority in that election and she was installed as Chief Minister as a non-elected member of the state assembly on 14 May 2001.Her appointment was held legally void in September 2001. The Supreme Court ruled that she could not hold office as Chief Minister as she had been convicted by court.
O. Panneerselvam, a minister in her party, was subsequently installed as the Chief Minister.
In March 2002, Jayalalitha again took over as Chief Minister after she was acquitted of charges by the Madras High Court. She contested and won a mid-term poll fromthe Andipatti constituency, after the sitting MLA holding that seat, resigned.
In April 2011 the 13-party AIADMK alliance won the 14th state assembly elections and Jayalalitha was sworn in as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu for the third time on 16 May 2011.
On 27 September 2014, Jayalalitha was sentenced to four years in jail and fined Rs 100 crore by the Special Court in Bangalore. She was convicted in an 18-year-old disproportionate assets case.
Jayalalitha ‘s trusted lieutenant and diehard supporter O. Panneerselvam, a state minister, succeeded as the Chief Minister on 29 September 2014.
On 17 October 2014, Supreme Court granted two months bail and suspended her sentence in the Disproportionate Assets Case.Justice C.R.Kumaraswamy of the Karnataka High Court acquitted Jayalalitha in the disproportionate assets case on 11th of May, 2015