New Delhi : The first day of the Gregorian New Year marks the beginning of a new calendar year, the calendar which is followed widely all over the world, and the nomenclature of which, forms our daily dd/mm/yy (British) or mm/dd/yy (American) format. Gregorian Calendar was introduced by Pope Gregory (Pope XIII) in 1582, and the calendar took its name from him. New Year’s Day is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar. In pre-Christian Rome under the Julian calendar, the day was dedicated to Janus, God of gateways and beginnings, for whom January is also named. After Julius Caesar reformed the calendar in 46 BC as the Julian Calendar (and was subsequently murdered), the Roman Senate voted to deify him on 1 January 42 BC, in honor of his life and his institution of the new rationalized calendar. Dates in March, coinciding with the March Equinox, the Solemnity of the Annunciation of Jesus Christ, or other Christian feasts were used throughout the Middle Ages as the first day of the new year, although their calendars nonetheless often continued to display the months in columns running from January to December.
Hindu Calendar refers to January 2016 as Magshar-Posh, Vikram Samvat 2072. The Vikram era, or Vikram Samvat is an Indian calendar starting in 57 BC. The Vikram Samvat calendar starts half a century before the Gregorian calendar and works on an Indian calendar cycle. The current AD BC Gregorian calendar takes lot of inspiration from the Vikram Samvat calendar.
The current Vikram Samvat year is 2072. The date marks the day when King Vikramāditya beat the Sakas, who had invaded Ujjain. A new calendar was started to honor this achievement. The Vikram Samvat calendar is 56.7 years ahead (in count) of the solar Gregorian calendar. The Hindu New Year begins according to the Hindu calendar, and varying on the different Hindu practices, inducts the New Year during March-April or Deepawali period, as applicable.