Melbourne, Australia : The Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) released data statistics on its ‘What Indonesia wants’ projections and made observations about the agriculture demands in the coming years for Indonesia. ABARES, originally named Bureau of Agricultural Economics (BAE) in 1945, has ever since been focussing on the agriculture sector and analyzing data all over the food-import and export platform across boundaries. Among its original functions were ‘to investigate the economic prospects of primary industries with particular reference to efficiency factors’.
A key activity of ABARES has been its farm surveys program, expanding to cover broadacre and dairy industries on an annual basis since 1971 and other industries when requested. Information from the farm surveys has provided a rich time series of data on which to base analysis of farm performance and productivity.The real value of agrifood consumption in Indonesia is projected to quadruple between 2009 and 2050, according to figures released in What Indonesia wants, the latest report in the What Asia wants series by ABARES. ABARES Executive Director, Karen Schneider, said the rise was projected on the back of expected sustained economic growth, population increase and continued urbanization.She said – Over the longer term, we expect per person incomes will increase significantly, leading to increased food consumption and more diverse diets in Indonesia.The projected rise in food consumption is characterised by expected higher intake of meat, dairy products, fruit and vegetables.
Assuming no major policy changes to 2050, food imports are projected to be an increasingly important component of Indonesia’s food supply in the coming decades. Schneider added – Indonesia has a strong agriculture industry, characterised by the production of both food and non-food cash crops, such as natural rubber, copra, palm kernels, coffee, cocoa and spices. Production of non-food cash crops in Indonesia has comparative advantage and this is expected to result in strong competition with local food production for resources. While the real value of Indonesia’s agrifood production is projected to more than double to US$173 billion in 2050 (in 2009 US dollars), food imports are expected to become an important part of Indonesia’s food supply. The real value of agrifood imports is projected to rise more than 20-fold from 2009, to US$152 billion in 2050 (in 2009 US dollars). In 2050, imports of beef are projected to reach US$26 billion, compared with US$500 million in 2009. Imports of dairy products are projected to be US$7 billion in 2050, compared with US$400 million in 2009. For fruit and vegetables, the value of imports is expected to increase by more than US$24 billion and US$10 billion, respectively, between 2009 and 2050.
‘What Indonesia wants’ is part of the ‘What Asia wants’ series, which analyses future food consumption and trade trends in Asian countries over the long term. The report is set to be discussed at the 19th Indonesia–Australia Working Group on Agriculture, Food and Forestry Cooperation on Tuesday and Wednesday this week. This annual meeting is an opportunity for the two governments to progress our cooperative approach to agricultural trade.This research would help put into context the great potential that the growth of the Indonesian economy has for both countries.