New Delhi: There are 17.91 Crore rural households in India and of the 10.69 crore rural Households considered for deprivation in the villages, 4.21 crore households have no literate adult above age 25 years.
The deprivation data from villages in India has been released in the public domain as provisional data from the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 for Rural India. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and Minister Rural Development, Panchayati Raj and Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Chaudhary Birendra Singh, today jointly released on-line the provisional data.
According to the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC) 2011 for Rural India, the number of rural households with only one room, kuccha (mud) walls and kuccha roof is also staggering. The number of such houses in the countryside is 2.37 crore, accounting for 13.25% of thetotal rural households falling under the deprived category.
When it comes to deprivation, what is alarming is that the number of landless households deriving a major part of their income from manual labour in the villages is 5.37 crore which in percentage terms is 29.97%.
There is no adult member between age 18 and 59 in 65.15 lakh households in the villages.
SECC 2011 is a unique paperless Census. The enumeration of the data was done using over 6.4 lakh electronic handheld device. Household data was taken from the National Population Register along with the Temporary Identification Number (TIN). At each stage there was an opportunity for transparency and grievance redressal. A total of 1.24 crore claims and objections were received of which 99.7% have already been resolved. Gram Panchayats and Gram Sabhas were involved in this process, besides School Teachers and Data Entry Operators as enumerators. The districts and State Governments have carried out the SECC with the Ministry of Rural Development as the nodal Ministry. Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation carried out the survey in urban areas and the Registrar General, Census of India carried out the caste census.
The survey for the SECC 2011 for Rural India has been completed in all the 640 districts. The data released today is provisional as the final lists are being uploaded in some districts after addressing all the objections received.The data will be used in evidence based planning for rural development and poverty reduction immediately. SECC provides useful data on households regarding various aspects of their socio-economic status – housing, land-holding/landlessness, educational status, status of women, the differently able, occupation, possession of assets, SC/ST households, and incomes. SECC provided for automatic exclusion on the basis of 14 parameters, automatic inclusion on the basis of 5 parameters and grading of deprivation on the basis of seven criteria. The data addresses the multi dimensionality of poverty and shall provide a unique opportunity for a convergent, evidence based planning with the Gram Panchayat as a unit.
The Report of the SECC 2011 is available on http://secc.gov.in.